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April 12, 2010
Posted: 1646 GMT

It is an unprecedented summit in scope and one that will deal with trying to prevent would be catastrophic – and unprecedented – attack. U.S. President Barack Obama's nuclear summit in Washington will bring almost 50 heads of state together to discuss ways of making sure terrorists don't get their hands on nuclear weapons.

There are an estimated 1,600 tons of highly enriched uranium worldwide, and the vast majority of it is accounted for in admitted nuclear countries. And then there are other materials that are used in nuclear weaponry.

But the fear is that Pakistan, a nuclear power, will become so unstable that militants will somehow get their hands on nuclear weapons. Or even that North Korea will sell technology to terrorists. Or that a group like Al Qaeda will find a way to acquire enough material to build a so-called "dirty bomb" that will cause widespread damage and many deaths.

And American President Barack Obama is leading this effort with nuclear "street cred" : he has just signed a new START treaty with Russia, pledging a reduction of the U.S.'s nuclear warheads and has announced a revamped American nuclear military strategy.
This is the largest gathering of world leaders called by a U.S. President since the end of World War II.

Importantly, Barack Obama and Western leaders like French President Nicolas Sarkozy are hoping this summit, which takes place a month before a U.N. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty conference, will help push through tougher sanctions against Iran, if it refuses to give up developing nuclear technology.

We are live in Washington with Jill Dougherty on that story.

Join us for that and the rest of the day's top stories.

See you at the IDesk!

Hala

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Filed under: Nuclear Summit •Today At The I-Desk


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Muthyavan.   April 12th, 2010 10:25 pm ET

From reduction of nuclear war heads, we are moving to the next step of preventing these dangerous weapons going into the hands of sick peoples who are planning to destroy human civilization just for the sake of achieving their chronic aims. It is a big step forward in a achieving a future peaceful friendly human civilization.

Many countries in the world today are deadly against even a gun in the hands of unauthorized peoples. Even to accrue of having a gun for his or her safety will require lot of strict government formalities to go through. All of today's travellers in international air ways are not allowed even to carry a knife for their personnel use when travelling. But in many of the leading democratic countries it is very easy for any one to buy one of the modern automatic gun in the open market. While many innocent humans are shot and killed daily in these countries which are advocating for reduction and banning of nuclear weapons. Many of these countries are leaders in maufacturing and sale of all short of modern war materials in the markets.

While a reductions and banning of nuclear weapons will reduce the changes of nuclear war among nations. A total ban of all the manufacturing of dangerous small weapons personnel mines, automatic guns and other war materials by all countries. Will only reduce and may stop even thousands of killings that is taking place daily in many countries around the world.

Gitfidl   April 13th, 2010 2:34 am ET

What is extremely dangerous about weapons proliferation (especially nuclear) is that accidental detonation is a major risk. US weapons have engineering companies behind every component (and yet the Toyota accelerator glitch is evidence of how even THAT can have errors). Any mishandling at all and you have detonation. Any component glitch. There is absolutely NO margin of error with nuclear weapons. Since there are SO MANY the risk (actually) cannot be managed and ACCIDENTAL detonation is only a matter of time. Add then the risk of intentional (terror) use and it is an absolute certainty withing 10 years.

Sayan Majumdar   April 13th, 2010 4:15 pm ET

The day Pakistani nuclear arsenals will be in safe hands will be the day when United States grabs their hardware and launch codes. Wild rumours are afloat that it has already been partially accomplished.

Sayan.

Carlo di Giorgio   April 13th, 2010 6:15 pm ET

Your today's interview with this charlatan called Richard Dawkins has no space on this site, hence I wish to express on this field my strongest disgust for you and CNN giving air space to such a sickening, ill minded and arrogant person with his own personal perverted agenda.

Shame of you too, Hola Gorani, to be subservient to such offensive program!

Carlo di Giorgio, Venice, Italy

Smith in Oregon   April 13th, 2010 10:14 pm ET

IT is refreshing to actually see a President that is actively working to police up and vast tonnage of highly enriched uranium around the world and securely storing it, vs the previous Bush-Cheney that spent 8 years constantly fanning the flames of Nuclear War and pushing Congress to allow new Nuclear Weapons to be built and designed.

Hopefully this full-tilt effort by Democratic President Obama will further mute the Republican lawmakers habitual campaign chestnut of fanning the flames of fear by constantly invoking the use of Nuclear bombs to solve their lack of diplomacy.

Thot   April 13th, 2010 10:28 pm ET

I don't think the Catholic Church or any other Church should be above of human values and laws and, as so, those who have committed crimes against other human beings should respond in a court of justice for them. But, I believe the big step to take, in this case, should come from the Catholic Church itself. It's very important that, They should recognize their mistakes and faults and apologize for them. By doing so, aren't they correctly fallowing the Catholic values?
Contrition is a popular word among Catholics through out centuries; maybe it's time for the ones ahead of the Catholic Church to put that word in practice.
In generally, the sad conclusion you take when you see most Catholic priests trying to ignore or give such poor theories to justify what happened, is that Catholic Church has stopped in time, and has closed Herself from the world, like that would be the only and right way to exacting fallow God words.
And Hala or any other reporter who may cover the story: when you point a finger to a Church, from whatever religion, don’t be surprised to get insults. Those who insult are the ones who generally look at a point on the horizon and not to the all horizon.

The Catholic Church as a Code of Canon Law, I wonder to which point has been applied in the last years?
"Can. 1367 : A person who throws away the consecrated species or takes or retains them for a sacrilegious purpose incurs a latae sententiae excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See; moreover, a cleric can be punished with another penalty, not excluding dismissal from the clerical state." From the Code of Canon Law

Jakup   April 13th, 2010 11:21 pm ET

Well I can understand your anger at this anti christ! who goes on and on about what he thinks he knows. But unfortunately for him. WRONG ON ALL COUNTS. From nazi extermination of the jews, to the pope and to religion. But hey... we cannot all be in the ark of knowing. Some will fight to their dying breath against God. What he has done to them, I do not understand!!?
I just think our hostess, at the Idesk, is pro freedom of speech. But not at any cost...so give her some credit!
Mayby the time has come, that not just anyone should be allowed to speak their mind, on primetime...or any time! at any channel! protect the innocent from the lies please!

Smith in Oregon   April 14th, 2010 3:58 am ET

President Obama has forged a International agreement and pledge to police up all the loose highly enriched uranium around the world in a historical summit making it impossible for terrorists to obtain the amounts of highly enriched uranium needed to build nuclear weapons.

Second only in the historic significance this International Meeting has on the entire World's population is the utter Silence by the Republican party and Republican lawmakers. Are they simply slack jawed and 'speechless' ?

earle,florida   April 14th, 2010 10:20 pm ET

Funny,... no mention of Israel selling nuclear secrets to China back in the late 90's,early 2000's,and absolutely no signatory agreement signing to join the coalition for peace. What gives? The one brave journalist asked President Obama about it's ambiguity,better said hypocracy. Thanks IDesk

Arian   April 15th, 2010 7:37 pm ET

I think it was last night at the desk or the night before, when you were mentioning countries having nuke bombs. I really do wonder if Israel had any place in the list. I mean, it's not less dangerous than Pakistan and India, is it?
Thanks Hala, for giving us such pieces of truth. Send my regards to the producer.

Smith in Oregon   April 15th, 2010 8:05 pm ET

Sadly instead of the Republican party and Republican lawmakers thanking President Obama for the new Start Treaty, Nuclear Summit and telling him 'well done', they chose instead to invest their energy's into psycho-babble pointing to the Nuclear Summit seal as 'their' sign that President Obama is a secret Muslim because the Nuclear Summit seal has a vague appearance to the lunar icon on the Muslim nations flags!

What the Republican party members, Republican lawmakers and their Tea Party wing-nuts do not seem to grasp is that former Republican President Bush jr. designed the Nuclear Summit seal.

M Ariely   April 16th, 2010 4:02 pm ET

Keeping Nuks out of terrorist hands?
*** It this the solution? –NO-*

Doctors know that treating only the symptoms does not cure the decease.
Same is applicable to terrorism- the symptom.
The deceases are the governments sponsoring total doctrines and using terror as a tactical tool- Example: Iran
To stop the terrorists the world should deal with the root cause and not only the symptoms.
Terrorist will increase the worldwide treat without hands on Nuks.
When terror sponsoring regimes will have Nuks the terrorism will increase significantly because the treated countries will be afraid to responses effectively.
Solution: Stop Iran- update war lows to deal effectively with terror sponsoring countries and terrorist keeling and hiding among civilians/

Aby   April 16th, 2010 4:56 pm ET

In this regard, I cannot understand why is it so unbelievable that Israel may be the agent that will leak nuclear materials to such groups that will use it against western innocent people to devote and maximize the western fear of terrorism and to make them more reluctant in this issue.

This comes in mind with all this stubborn attitude against joining the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty, and the strategic ambiguity policy regarding its nuclear arsenal.

Fred Brun   April 20th, 2010 5:40 am ET

When Obama can convince Israel to join the NNPT, the US will have some relevance about nuclear proliferation discussions. As long as the US continuous its double standard towards Israel, Obama should just shut up.

M Ariely   April 20th, 2010 2:27 pm ET

History lessons: *** Why Israel should not give up its shield!
History shows that Israel has to relay only on its own power to survive.

No people have suffered like Israel- And no country is for decades under permanent treat to be destroyed by combined powers 100 times larger.

Israel- A country that doesn't treat their enemies with destruction
Just desires to leave in peace.

I don't know either Israel has NUCS- however I wish Israel will not give up it's shield against total destruction

1: Jews has been persecuted and murdered all oover Europe- for centuries before the Natzi – Nobody defend the powerless Israelis
2:For centuries Israelis have been murdered, forced to pay discriminating taxes, converted by the power of sword to Islam in the Muslim world
3; During the Holocaust the allies didn't bombed the murdering infrastructure including caps, railroads, bridges
4: Flowing the renewed Israel independence the Arabs leaders has declared that they will destroy Israel.
The Arabs are acting from day one to destroy Israel by wars, terror, economic boycott- judo phobia propaganda. The Iranian Islamite regime has join the club as well.

Nobody demands and acts to stop this huge anti Israeli coalition

Fred Brun   April 21st, 2010 1:52 pm ET

M Ariely

Let me straighten you out on History!

Without the Allies there would be no World Jewry, never mind the state of Israel.

Israel occupies Arab land not the other way around.

Israel has killed 10’s of thousands of Arabs, not the other way around.

Israel holds thousands of Arabs prisoners against International Law, not the other way around.

Israel attacks Arab nations calling it defensive.

Without the USA there would be no Israel.

These are the facts!

M Ariely   April 24th, 2010 4:30 pm ET

Ms Fred Brun-
Many people are misleading by false propaganda and myths invention
For the benefit of people that don’t have the time searching for the truth I post the following comment:

I hate counting death however people should know that the accumulated number of death in inters Muslim wars since 1948:
******* OVER 15 MILION MUSLIMS KILLED BY MUSLIMS ****

A detailed summary of the wars, dates, casualties, rapes could be traced on the link:
http://imshin.net/?p=453

Imagine *** 210.000**** civilians killed in terror attacks in USA!!!( I wish never to be)
-Ask yourself—
What would you people recommend your government to do? ???
( the above number is the relation between Israel population and civilians murdered in terror actions and USA population)

Imagine 1.250.000 Arabs killed in wars against Israel and not 62.000
(I feel seek righting this)
This is the relation between the Arab world population attacking Israel and Israel population.

The next time Arabs and/or Muslims complain about the persecution they suffer at the hands of the Americans and Israelis, remember this . . .
Since 1948, the number of Muslims killed by the Americans and Israelis combined is still less than the number killed by the French. And the number of Muslims killed by the French, Israelis, and Americans combined is still less than the number killed by the Soviets/Russians. And the number of Muslims killed by the Soviets, Russians, French, Israelis, and Americans, combined, is still about 1/3 of the number of Muslims who have been killed by Muslim states

Fred Brun   April 25th, 2010 1:45 pm ET

M Ariely

From your blog I understand that killing is but a numbers game. That seems to be the problem in the ME. Ask yourself the question, why is it that the Nations you list have any business to be in the ME killing Arabs?

M Ariely   April 26th, 2010 7:02 am ET

The big killers established empires.
Killing -- For economic benefits, imposing Religion on others, being famous, ideologies with supremacy agenda.

Unlike the others -Israel is force to fight to protect itself against the Arabs- Persian imperial dreams
Some don’t like that the tiny Israel managed to defend itself against power 100 times larger
-–
Unfortunately, the world history is shaped by domination wars and the ME is not an exception.
Conquering, killing and forcing religion examples:

Arabs emerging from Hedjaz invaded the space from currently Saud Arabia all the way up to the gates of Paris and up to India killing destroying many of the pre Arab invasion cultures

Turks (former Ottomans) over the Anatolia and Balkans up the gates of Vienna

On the 20 and 21 century Arabs and Iran wars, still ongoing, dreaming to reestablish the Arab/Iran(Persia) or Muslim empires with worldwide domination desire

Persians- Romans- Alexander Macedon-UK- France – Spain –Portugal-Germany- Russia established empires destroying many cultures
--------
Difference between Israel and the above once:
Israel – the only people from the above list- with the same ongoing religion and culture during the past 3500 years- teaching centuries ahead of the modern democracies that:
You should love all human being because all are god children; all are equal with equal rights
You should not be joyfully when your enemy dies
Don’t impose your culture on other by force
-----
Many governments don’t like those ideas: Refer to Muslim countries leaders resolution in Kuala Lumpure blaming Israel of promoting human rights and democracy

Fred Brun   April 27th, 2010 4:09 am ET

M Ariely
As usual you do not answer the questions, you just go on a rant.

Prior to what is claimed by you as Israel there were other nations in those lands. Jerusalem was build by the Jebusites who were defeated by the Israelites under King David. The vanguished were always put to the sword. What the Muslims have done more recently is not much different and not to be condoned. But for you to proclaim that the Israelites have not conquered now and in the past is just historically absurd.

Israel has not existed as a nation state prior to 1948.

Lee   May 1st, 2010 9:20 am ET

Keeping nukes out off terrorist hands?

How is that going to be possible to achieve? if the leaders in country's like IRAN, ISRAEL, NORTH KOREA, etc. can do exactly want they want to do without interference from the outside world until "after" they have achieved exactly want they want to do? Lee

peter zuniga   May 4th, 2010 3:06 pm ET

no i currently think that the goverment is doing its job when it comese to this issue. i feel that they could have taken far more steps and percossions in this event and by doing so they would not be in this ordeal that thewy are in. world nuclear wearons are just whell a major over kill. the united states has yet to over come its own missle crisis with all hte foren countries around the world

Roger Aldridge   May 11th, 2010 4:02 pm ET

YAHWEH – peace and love to all mankind. Why do we have nuclear weapons at all???? Surely, these materials could be better used to provide a long-term and sustainable energy source for the Western World. As for a planet still here? ask Mr William Gates (CEO Microsoft Corporation) what his REAL intentions are??

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